8290 Highway 27, Unit 4 | Woodbridge, ON L4H0S1 (289) 236-0206

Do your gums bleed when you brush or floss your teeth? If it happens infrequently, perhaps you flossed or brushed too hard. Or maybe you injured your gums eating something hard. However, if you notice bleeding every time that you brush and floss, you should see your dentist. Gums that bleed regularly are often due to gum inflammation, also known as gingivitis.

What is Gum Inflammation?

Gum inflammation is referred to as gingivitis in the dental field. Gingivitis results in gums that are swollen, softer than usual, red instead of a pinkish red colour, and that bleed easily. Plaque build-up around the gums makes its way under the gums as well and irritates the gums.

Preventing Gingivitis

The best way to prevent gingivitis is to remove the plaque build-up that irritates the gums. When the plaque build-up is soft and newly formed, it is easy to remove it through regular brushing and flossing of the teeth. However, when the plaque build-up is not removed quickly, it hardens. Hardened plaque build-up is referred to as calculus or tartar, and it can only be removed by a dental professional. Unfortunately, the hardened build-up not only irritates the gums but makes it easier for additional new plaque to attach to it and make the problem worse.

While gingivitis is the primary cause in most cases of bleeding gums, other things may lead to gums that bleed easily.

Pregnancy Gingivitis: Hormonal changes that occur during pregnancy may cause your gums to bleed easier if there is plaque build-up in the mouth. Regular flossing and brushing help to minimize or prevent this issue.

Uncontrolled Diabetes: Studies have shown the linked effects of gum health and uncontrolled diabetes. When diabetes is not properly controlled, it increases the risk of gum inflammation. Likewise, when gum inflammation is present in the mouth, it makes it harder to control diabetes.

Why worry about bleeding gums?

When bleeding gums are not treated, gingivitis progresses to periodontitis. Periodontitis is a severe form of gum disease that affects the gums and the bone in the mouth that supports the teeth. When periodontitis occurs, it means some amount of bone loss has occurred in the mouth. If periodontitis is not treated, further bone loss occurs and eventually leads to loss of teeth. Additionally, studies show that bacteria in the mouth may enter the bloodstream and affect other areas of the body. Your oral health and overall health are connected.

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If you have periodontitis or gingivitis, call us now to schedule your consultation or dental visit. We will happily help you to restore and maintain your oral health.